- Each member of the United Nations will have one vote.
- If a majority is needed to support or pass a motion, more than one-half of the members present and voting will be sufficient.
- If two-thirds majority is needed to support or pass a motion, more than two-thirds of the members present and voting will be sufficient.
- “Members Present and Voting” will be defined as those members who cast either an affirmative or negative vote. Members who abstain from voting will not be considered in determining the number of votes necessary for a motion’s passage.
- With exception of the roll call method of voting, all other methods of voting which result in a tie vote will be immediately retaken by roll call vote. The roll call vote will then be considered the proper and final vote. Motions which finally result in a tie will be considered to have failed.
- The voting process will begin with the Presiding Officer stating exactly the motion being voted on.
- No member will arise to any point during the voting process except a point of order which must unambiguously relate to the voting process.
- All voting is considered procedural with the exception of voting on draft resolutions.
- Delegates must vote on all procedural motions, and no abstentions are allowed.
- A motion that requires a simple majority needs more than half of the committee members to vote affirmatively.
- A motion that requires two-thirds to pass requires exactly two-thirds of the committee members to vote affirmatively. If there is not the required number of speakers for/against a motion, the motion will automatically fail/pass.
- Substantive voting will be done on draft resolutions. At that point, only the following points and motions will be entertained:
- Division of the Question
- Reordering Draft Resolutions
- Motion for a Roll Call Vote
- Point of Personal Privilege
- Point of Inquiry
- Point of Order
- If there are no such motions, the committee will vote on all draft resolutions. For substantive voting, each country will have one vote.
- Each vote may be a ‘Yes,’ ‘No,’ or ‘Abstain.’ Members who abstain from voting are considered as not voting.
- All matters will be voted upon using placards by default, except if a motion for a roll call vote is accepted.
- A simple majority of ‘Yes’ votes from more than half of the members voting will pass the Resolution.
Types of Voting Methods
- Roll Call
Delegations state their votes as they are called on by the Chair one at a time alphabetically; most common way of voting.
- Standing Vote
Delegations stand to indicate their votes.
- Placard Vote
Delegations raise their placards to indicate their votes.
- Voice Vote
In unison, delegations voice their votes.
Voting with Rights
- If a delegation wishes to explain or make a statement about its vote, the delegation may do so after all votes have been cast.
Roll Call Voting
- After debate is closed on any draft resolution, any delegate may request a roll call vote.
- Such a motion may be made from the floor, seconded by 20 members of the General Assembly, 10 members of the Economic and Social Council and 5 members of Specialized Agencies.
- A motion for a roll call vote is in order only for substantive votes.
- In a roll call vote, the Director will call countries in alphabetical order starting with a selected member.
- In the first sequence, delegates may vote “Yes,” “No,” “Abstain,” or “Pass.” A delegate may request the right to explain his or her vote only when the delegate is voting against the policy of his or her country; such a vote is termed ‘with Rights.’ The delegate may only explain an affirmative or negative vote, not an abstention from voting.
- A delegate who passes during the first sequence of the roll call must vote (i.e. may not abstain or pass) during the second sequence.
- All delegates who had requested the right of explanation will be granted time to explain their votes. The speaking time will be set at the discretion of the Director, not to exceed thirty seconds.
- The Director will then announce the outcome of the vote.