Criminal Accountability of United Nations Personnel on Missions
Between 2004 and 2016, nearly 2,000 allegations of sexual abuse and sexual exploitation committed by UN peacekeepers were reported. Holding peacekeepers accountable for their crimes falls under the jurisdiction of the Member State that sent them, which often results in miscommunication and lack of justice. The UN has no way to hold peacekeepers accountable for crimes they’ve committed, and their only available action is to dismiss them from service.
Background Report: Criminal Accountability of United Nations Personnel on Missions
Implications of State and Corporate Power Through Social Credit Systems
National Social Credit or Reputation Systems intend to standardize the assessment of citizens’ economic and social reputation. They are a form of mass surveillance that uses complex data analysis technology to create scores based on a range of things, including credit history, and behavior. It’s unclear whether these systems, comprised of various scores and blacklists, will be run by government agencies or if they will also involve private companies.
Background Report: Implications of State and Corporate Power Through Social Credit Systems
Description of the Committee
The first principal organ mentioned in the United Nations Charter is the General Assembly- the main deliberative body of the United Nations. As the primary forum for international debate and cooperation, the G.A. is composed of representatives from all 192 U.N. member states; and in turn, every member state has one vote.
The G.A. has become many countries’ principal diplomatic connection with the global community. All members of the assembly have the opportunity to voice their concerns, convey their opinions, and directly participate in global decision-making. But the G.A. itself negotiates a difficult role. While the body brings together the countries of the world for debate and compromise, its every action is dictated by respect for national sovereignty- the right of each country to manage its own affairs without outside influence.
The General Assembly is empowered to consider any topic within the scope of the United Nations’ work, except for issues of peace and security that are being debated by the Security Council. The G.A. can initiate studies on international issues, recommend action from member states and U.N. bodies, and develop and codify international law.
The General Assembly cannot require nations to take action, nor can it issue sanctions or military responses. Decisions on most issues before the Assembly require a simple majority to pass.